Apple Varieties

Apple Varieties
Sholan Farm apples are both versatile and flavorful. They can be eaten fresh or used in a number of recipes from appetizers to desserts.

Here are the varieties available on the farm.

August

Almata Crabapple:Bright red skin and flesh. Tart; makes excellent bright red sauce and jelly. Edible when fully ripe. Harvest mid August.

Paula Red: A high quality apple, equally good for cooking and eating. It colors early to a solid red blush, but should only be picked near maturity. The flesh is light to creamy, with tart flavor. The Paula Red ripens in late August, early Sept.

Gravenstein: Large, round to slightly flattened orangish yellow fruit with red stripes. Thin skin. Crisp, juicy, fine grained, yellowish white flesh. Known for fine flavor. Unexcelled for cooking. Makes wonderful pies, desserts, sauces, and cider. Stores 6 months. Ripens in late August.

Golden Supreme: A medium sized apple that is greenish yellow to golden brown in color with a firm cream-colored flesh that provides a sweet juicy flavor. This apple is a good selection for drying, for baking, and for making cider. It can be kept for months in refrigerated storage. Ripens in late August.

Zetstar: A high quality early season variety introduced by the University of Minnesota. The fruit is crisp and juicy, has excellent dessert quality, and will keep in common storage for six to eight weeks. The tree is non-vigorous, spreading, and crops annually. Ripens in late August.

Ginger Gold: Ginger Gold has a light tang, is softer to the bite, is satisfying and leaves your mouth feeling refreshed, clean. Ginger Gold has a quiet golden taste that is faintly haunting. The highest quality early season yellow dessert apple available. Ripens in late August.

First Half September

Crimson Crisp 2009. Small to medium. Very bright mid-range red over yellow. Extremely crisp. Very good, rich flavor. Moderately acid, spicy. Tree Characteristics: Moderately vigorous. Upright growth habit with more than average branching. Immune to scab, moderately resistant to leaf rust, moderately susceptible to mildew, susceptible to fireblight. Ripens in early September.

Fulford Gala: 2008 Red-orange, with yellow stripes. A sweet apple. Introduced in 1934. Ripens in early September.

Brookfield Gala Spindle – From New Zealand, we bring you the ultimate striped Gala the Brookfield. The bold red stripe over its red background is the obvious improvement. The apple’s early color permits proper harvest timing for best storage maturity, flavor retention, and customer satisfaction. Fruit is harvested in two picks for improved packouts. Ripens in Sept.

Gale Gala: Spindle One of the new generation of super red Gala sports. Gale Gala was discovered by Wally Gale in his Malaga, Washington Royal Gala orchard. This outstanding sport develops a 90-100% full red color with deep red striping allowing harvest in one or two pickings. Ripens in early September.

Marshall McIntosh:An outstanding McIntosh selection discovered in Massachusetts. Identical to its parent McIntosh with the exception of exhibiting intense red color. Marshall McIntosh ripens three to five days ahead of Spur McIntosh, a useful tool in extending your McIntosh harvest. The highest quality early season McIntosh available. Marshall McIntosh is a trademark name of Marshall Farms, Inc., Fitchburg, MA. Ripens in early September.

SnappyMac: Explosively crisp McIntosh Type apple, 99% red, and very juicy with a hint of tartness. Smooth thin skin.? Ripens in early Sept.

Day Break Fuji: - An early sport of Fuji, discovered at Twin Springs Fruit Farm, Orrtanna, PA. The fruit is large with an orange-red blush over 60% of the fruit surface. Daybreak Fuji provides the opportunity to harvest high quality Fuji in early September.

Honeycrisp: 2008 & Spindle This exceptional new variety was developed from a Macoun x Honeygold cross at the University of Minnesota. The fruit is mostly orange-red with a yellow background. This crisp, juicy, sweet apple has a rich flavor that has made it #1 in taste panels. Ripens in mid September.

McIntosh: The Mac is especially juicy, slightly tart and the most aromatic of all apples, with two-toned red and green skin. The flesh is very white, faintly tinged pink and rather soft. Ripens mid to late September.

RubyMac is an exciting new sport of McIntosh that develops a bright, rich-red blush with no striping over virtually all of the surface. It is a true McIntosh, and while it starts coloring weeks ahead of any other strain, it ripens with other McIntosh varieties and hangs on the tree longer than any Mac we have ever seen. Ripens mid to late September.

Pioneer Mac Ripens just after Rogers Red McIntosh allowing flexibility in harvest. Fruit quality and size are excellent. Flesh is white and firmer than other Mac strains. Fruit colors to a full 90% bright red in the southern Hudson Valley. Pioneer Mac has exhibited resistance to late-season drop on mature trees. Considered a non-spur, the tree exhibits semi-spur flower bud formation with some fruiting on one-year-old wood. Highest quality McIntosh suitable for CA storage. Ripens mid to late September.

Redcort: Has many similarities to McIntosh, which is in its genes. McIntosh was crossed with Ben Davis early this century at the Geneva, New York, research station to produce a variety released in 1915 as Cortland. More recently a limb mutation of Cortland was discovered that offered redder and earlier color than the parent varieties. In flavor and texture and firmness Redcort is proving to be a highly desirable apple. Ripens in early Sept.

Second half of September:

Royal Cortland: cross between McIntosh and Ben Davis that inherited the good qualities of both parents. Fruit is a beautiful red, very large, with pure white flesh. Crops heavier than most varieties and considered an annual bearer. Picked seven to ten days after McIntosh.

Cortland:A large apple good for baking and is moderately juicy and fairly sweet. The fruit is red or red-striped with pale yellow-green ground color. Flesh is very white, with a slight green tinge near the core. Ripens late Sept. to early October.

Jonagold De Coster: Selected by Henry De Coster, a prominent horticulturist from Belgium, this red strain is one of the leading red strains planted in Europe. The apple has an attractive red blush over yellow background with red color developing just before harvest. The strain is characterized by excellent dessert and processing qualities, and does not compromise the flavor of the original Jonagold selection. Ripens in late September.

Liberty: Fine textured, crispy, juicy and spritely tasting apple. Named Liberty because it is disease resistant. Makes red applesauce if you keep the skin on. Ripens in late September – October.

Macoun:With their wine-red color with gold accents, Macouns are highly regarded for their aroma and sweet-tart, juicy flavor. This dessert apple is excellent for eating fresh and is available in Late Sept – early October. (X Mc & Jersey Black)

Grimes Golden: An old favorite suitable for fresh use, cider and cooking. This variety is medium in vigor, productive and an excellent pollinizer. Ripens in late September? October.

First half of October:

Empire: A medium to large, round, firm dark red apple with a sweet, almost spicy flavor. A juicy, good eating apple, even better for baking. Ripens in early October. (?Red D & Mc)

Royal Empire: An early coloring strain of the original Empire, discovered at Teeple Farms, Wolcott, NY. This selection colors to a deep scarlet red with a faint stripe and matures with Empire. Royal Empire is equivalent in every aspect to the original Empire, but provides improved coloring. Ripens in early October.

Red Delicious: These dark red apples are known for their unique shape. The sweet, juicy taste of this apple improves with storage. Great eating, salads and sauce. Ripens in early October.

Albemarie Pippin This old time or “antique” apple variety was an important commercial variety in the early 1900s. The fruit is greenish-yellow, medium to large with excellent fruit quality. Albemarle Pippin will keep in cold storage for six months. Ripens in mid October

Crispin (Mutsu) 2008. Good eating apple, first class cider and sauce. Green fruit ripens yellow. Introduced in U. S. in 1968. Ripens in mid October.

Shizuka: A sister to Mutsu developed in Japan. Reported to be blister spot resistant. Fruit has a milder flavor than Mutsu. Tree vigor appears to be similar. Ripens in mid October.

Second half of October:

Improved Golden Delicious: Spindle A russet resistant selection of the original Golden Delicious. One of the most widely planted apple cultivars worldwide. Fruit is firm, medium to large with the classic Golden Delicious flavor. The tree is spreading, productive, and easy to manage. Ripens in mid October.

Gibson Golden Delicious: Gibson Golden is a smooth-skinned selection of the very popular Golden Delicious that appears to russet less than standard Golden. The tree is vigorous, productive and easy to handle. Like standard Golden, the fruit is sweet and juicy and of excellent type. Ripens in mid October.

Suncrisp:This Golden Delicious x Cox Orange Pippen selection from the New Jersey Apple Breeding Program is rated very highly by taste panels. The fruit color is golden with an reddish-orange blush. This dual-purpose apple matures approximately one week after Golden Delicious, has a tart-sweet, mildly subacid taste, and typically stores up to six months. Flavor mellows in storage. Ripens in mid October.

Northern Spy: 2008 The fruit is large, especially on young trees, and on well-colored fruit, there is a clear-yellow shade with bright-red tints, distinctly streaked with the yellow under-color, making the red almost scarlet, but fruit color can be quite variable. The white flesh is very juicy, crisp, tender and sweet with a rich, aromatic subacid flavor and is a good dessert and pie apple that is also used for cider. Ripens late October.

Baldwin: Pale greenish-yellow flushed with purplish-brown. Juicy, with a taste of sweetness. Stores extremely well. Developed in Massachusetts in 1740. Ripens in late October. (limited quantity)

Rome:A medium large, bright red, round apple that’s slightly tart.? Use: Rome is considered one of the finest baking apples available. They are excellent for baked apples. First propagated in 1828. Ripens in late October.

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